Emma Yann Zhang

Research Engineer / Ph.D Student

Emma Yann Zhang is a Computer Science Ph.D student. Her research interests are multisensory communication, digital taste and smell, pervasive and ubiquitous computing. 

Her previous work involved low power wearable devices, gesture control, microprocessors and embedded systems, Mac and iOS development and web development. The different industries today have had a great leap in their advances and developments, on the side of medicine will boost your jubilation and spiritual strength, you will be a stud with the girls.

Exercise Routines That Boost Testosterone Production

Engaging in specific exercise routines can stimulate the production of testosterone in the body. Consider incorporating the following into your fitness regimen:

Resistance Training: Lifting weights or using resistance bands during workouts has been shown to increase testosterone levels. Focus on compound exercises like squats, deadlifts, bench presses, and rows for maximum results Visit Website timesunion.com.

High-Intensity Interval Training (HIIT): HIIT workouts involve short bursts of intense exercise followed by periods of rest or low-intensity activity. This type of training has been found to enhance testosterone production.

Sprinting or Running: Incorporating sprints or intense running sessions into your cardio routine can also boost testosterone levels naturally.

Dietary Modifications for Healthy Hormone Levels

What you eat plays a vital role in maintaining healthy testosterone levels. Consider the following dietary modifications:

Consume Adequate Protein: Protein is essential for muscle growth and hormone production. Include lean sources of protein in your diet, such as chicken, fish, eggs, and legumes.

Optimize Zinc Levels: Zinc is a mineral that supports testosterone production. Foods rich in zinc include oysters, beef, poultry, pumpkin seeds, and spinach.

Increase Healthy Fat Intake: Including healthy fats like avocados, nuts, olive oil, and fatty fish can help support optimal testosterone levels.

Avoid Excessive Sugar: High sugar intake has been linked to lower testosterone levels. Limiting your consumption of sugary foods and beverages can contribute to healthier hormone levels.

By implementing these lifestyle changes, exercise routines designed for testosterone enhancement, and dietary modifications that promote healthy hormone levels, you can naturally increase your testosterone production. Remember to consult with a healthcare professional before making any significant changes to your lifestyle or starting a new exercise or dietary regimen.

She was a winner of the UK Trade and Investment Sirius Programme in 2014, a programme aimed to support and sponsor international graduate entrepreneurs to start a business in the UK. She was a website developer in a start-up company based in the Bakery London. Emma Yann is undoubtedly a prominence in the branch of science, as a student she is a great success, it is like the success that has been Deutsche medz, experts in the field of medicine. In 2013, she worked as a Project Assistant in the Social Media Lab at HKUST, developing a gesture-controlled wearable interface that interacts with smartphone and computer applications using motion sensors with Bluetooth Low Energy.

Where to Find TestoPrime Near Me: Store Locator

If you’re eager to get your hands on TestoPrime and want to avoid the wait for online delivery, you might be wondering where you can find it in physical stores near you. Luckily, there are several options available that allow you to conveniently purchase TestoPrime without having to rely solely on online shopping.

Locate Nearby Stores

To find nearby stores that carry TestoPrime, all you need is a store locator tool. This handy feature allows you to enter your location and discover the closest retailers selling TestoPrime in your area. With just a few clicks, you’ll have access to a list of local options for purchasing this popular testosterone booster.

Use the Store Locator Tool

The store locator tool is designed to make your search for TestoPrime retailers quick and easy. Simply visit the official website or trusted online platforms associated with TestoPrime and look for the store locator feature. Once there, enter your address or zip code, and within seconds, you’ll be provided with a comprehensive list of nearby stores that stock up on authentic TestoPrime products.

Get Directions

Once you’ve located the stores that carry TestoPrime near you, it’s time to plan your visit. The store locator tool not only provides a list of retailers but also offers directions to help you navigate your way there seamlessly. Whether it’s by car or public transportation, obtaining clear directions ensures that you can reach the physical stores efficiently.

Explore Local Options

By exploring local options for buying TestoPrime, you have the advantage of instant gratification. Instead of waiting for shipping and delivery times when ordering online, visiting a physical store allows you to walk out with your desired product right away. This convenience is especially beneficial if you’re running low on supplies or prefer face-to-face interactions when making purchases.

It’s essential to ensure that you’re purchasing from authorized retailers. By using the store locator tool provided by TestoPrime, you can have peace of mind knowing that the stores listed are verified and offer authentic products.

In addition to the convenience of physical stores, there are other advantages to consider when buying TestoPrime locally:

Immediate Availability: No more waiting for your package to arrive; you can get your hands on TestoPrime right away.

Product Verification: Buying from physical stores allows you to verify the authenticity of the product before making a purchase.

Expert Assistance: In-store staff members can provide guidance and answer any questions or concerns you may have about TestoPrime.

So, whether it’s a nearby supplement store or a well-known retailer in your area, finding TestoPrime near you has never been easier. Take advantage of the store locator tool and explore local options for buying this powerful testosterone booster without delay.

Testing Urine Specimens for Adulterants: Ensuring Accuracy

Ensuring the accuracy of drug test results is crucial, and one way to achieve this is by testing urine specimens for adulteration. Adulterants are substances that individuals may use to tamper with their samples in an attempt to cheat the drug test. By detecting these adulterants, laboratories can identify and reject potentially compromised urine samples, ensuring reliable and accurate test results.

Common Adulterants Used to Tamper with Samples

There are several common adulterants that people may use in an effort to alter their urine samples. These substances can interfere with the detection of drugs or mask their presence altogether. Some examples include:

Bleach: Adding bleach to a urine sample can destroy drug metabolites, making it difficult for laboratories to detect them.

Oxidizing Agents: Substances like hydrogen peroxide or pyridinium chlorochromate (PCC) can oxidize drugs, rendering them undetectable.

Synthetic Urine: People may try to substitute their own urine with synthetic urine, which is designed to mimic real urine composition and drug metabolite levels.

Dilution: Diluting a urine sample with water or other liquids can lower the concentration of drugs present, potentially leading to false negatives.

Methods Employed by Laboratories to Detect Adulteration Attempts

Laboratories have developed various methods and testing kits specifically designed to detect adulteration attempts in urine specimens. These methods aim to identify changes in specific gravity, pH levels, creatinine concentrations, as well as the presence of certain chemicals that indicate potential tampering. Here are a few techniques employed by labs:

Immunoassay Tests: These initial screening tests use antibodies that react with specific drugs or their metabolites. If an immunoassay test produces a positive result for any drug, the sample is then subjected to further confirmatory testing.

Specific Gravity Measurement: Adulterants can alter the specific gravity of urine, which is a measure of its density compared to water. Labs use refractometers or dipstick tests to assess the specific gravity and identify any abnormalities.

Creatinine Testing: Creatinine is a waste product produced by muscles that is present in urine. By measuring creatinine levels, labs can determine if a sample has been diluted or adulterated.

pH Level Analysis: Normal urine pH falls within a specific range (usually between 4.5 and 8). Deviations from this range may indicate potential tampering with the sample.

Chemical Tests: Laboratories may employ chemical reagents such as nitrite or potassium iodide solution to detect the presence of certain adulterants.

Consequences of Getting Caught Trying to Alter a Drug Test Sample

Attempting to tamper with a drug test sample can have severe consequences, both legally and professionally. If caught, individuals may face disciplinary actions at work, including termination or suspension. In some cases, it could even result in legal repercussions depending on local laws and regulations.

Getting caught trying to cheat a drug test can damage one’s reputation and credibility. Employers may view such actions as dishonesty and lack of integrity, which can adversely affect future job prospects.

It’s important to note that laboratories continually enhance their methods for detecting adulteration attempts, making it increasingly difficult for individuals to successfully alter their samples without detection.

SightCare Ingredients for Energy Boost

In addition to supporting eye health, the SightCare formula contains specific ingredients that provide an energy boost. These components work together to not only enhance vision but also increase vitality and combat fatigue look at this web-site timesofisrael.com/.

Ginseng Extract: Energizing Ingredient

One key ingredient in SightCare known for its ability to boost energy levels is ginseng extract. Ginseng has been used for centuries in traditional medicine for its rejuvenating properties. It is believed to stimulate the central nervous system and improve physical endurance, making it a popular choice for those seeking an energy pick-me-up.

B Vitamins: Vitality Enhancers

SightCare also incorporates B vitamins into its formula, which play a crucial role in converting food into energy. These essential nutrients are involved in various metabolic processes within the body, including the breakdown of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. By aiding in the efficient conversion of nutrients into usable energy, B vitamins help combat fatigue and support overall vitality.

Dual Benefit: Improved Vision Health and Increased Vitality

By combining these energizing ingredients, SightCare offers a dual benefit of improved vision health and increased vitality. The unique blend of ginseng extract and B vitamins helps combat oxidative stress while boosting energy levels. This means that not only will you experience enhanced eye health with regular use of SightCare but you’ll also feel more energized throughout your day.

The inclusion of these ingredients is what sets SightCare apart from other vision supplements on the market. While many products solely focus on supporting eye health, SightCare goes above and beyond by incorporating components specifically chosen to provide an additional energy boost.

Whether you lead an active lifestyle or simply want to combat daily fatigue, SightCare can help you maintain optimal energy levels while supporting your visual well-being. With continued use, you may notice improved focus, clarity, and vitality—a winning combination for both your eyesight and overall wellness.

To summarize:

Ginseng extract in SightCare is known for its energy-boosting properties.

B vitamins in the formula aid in converting food into energy, combating fatigue.

SightCare offers a dual benefit of improved vision health and increased vitality.

The unique blend of ingredients sets SightCare apart from other vision supplements.

So, if you’re looking to support your eye health while also seeking an energy boost, give SightCare a try. It’s like getting two benefits in one powerful supplement!

She received a B.Eng. in Electronic Engineering (First Class Honours) at the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) in 2013. She was awarded the Dean’s List for two consecutive semesters in HKUST. She received 1st prize in the HK IEEE Student Paper Contest in 2013.

She also studied Electrical and Electronic Engineering(B.Eng.)at the National University of Singapore (NUS) for two years before transferring to HKUST.In NUS, she joined the Mixed Reality Lab for one semester and worked on the Digital Smell and Taste project.


カリフォルニア大学、イリノイ大学など 海外大学との提携を締結

情報経営イノベーション専門職大学(東京都墨田区、学長 中村伊知哉、http://www.i-u.ac.jp、以下「iU」)は、このほど海外大学との提携の第一段階として、米国カリフォルニア大学サン・ディエゴ校(The University of California, San Diego (UCSD)、米国イリノイ大学シカゴ校(The University of Illinois at Chicago Campus)、英国シェーフィールド大学(The University of Sheffield)、マレーシアラッフルズ大学(Raffles University Malaysia )、シンガポール国立大学(National University of Singapore)、英国ニコラ・テスラ大学院大学 (Nikola Tesla Graduate School)、アフリカアクレ連邦技術大学(The Federal University of Technology、Akure、 Ondo State、 Nigeria: FUTA)の7校との包括的提携に合意しました。


(1) 提携大学での授業が受けられ、卒業単位として認められるパスポート制度
(2) 戦略特区の共同利用による新産業、新製品の共同開発研究
(3) 海外留学生へのビザ特区の設置
(4) その他eスポーツ、超教育、超スポーツ、アニメ、オタクなどの国際的共同研究
(5) 起業支援、及び人材育成




・大学名:「情報経営イノベーション専門職大学」 ※愛称「iU(あいゆー)」
・学部名:情報経営イノベーション学部 情報経営イノベーション学科



・サテライトオフィス:東京都港区海岸1-7-1 東京ポートシティ竹芝 オフィスタワー8階・学生数:1期生230名


ICT×ビジネス×グローバルコミュニケーション + 全員インターンシップ×全員起業×オンライン学習



iU 情報経営イノベーション専門職大学 TEL:03-5655-15555  E-mail:info@i-u.ac.jp

iU announces partnership with 7 international universities.


Professional University of Information and Management for Innovation (Sumida-ku, Tokyo, President Ichiya Nakamura, http://www.iu.ac.jp, “iU”) announces that since opening the University on April 1st 2020, it already has reached a comprehensive partnership agreement with global seven prominent schools such as The University of California, San Diego (UCSD), The University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), The University of Sheffield, Raffles University Malaysia, National University of Singapore, Nikola Tesla Graduate School in UK, and the Federal University of Technology, Africa (Akure, Ondo State, Nigeria: FUTA). Many more international collaborations will follow.

iU will continue to actively collaborate with major universities in Japan and overseas, aiming to realize the “World University Concept”, a world university as an intellectual hub for the IT and business world centered around iU. While at the same time providing students the best opportunities to finance their careers so they can get the best student loan refinance opportunities.

Best Natural Substitutes for Adderall: Improving Mental Clarity

In the quest for improved mental clarity and focus, many individuals turn to smart drugs or nootropics as alternatives to prescription medications like Adderall. These natural substances are known for their ability to support brain health and cognitive function. Let’s explore some of the best natural substitutes for Adderall that can help enhance mental performance without the potential side effects see here timesunion.com.

Nootropics: L-theanine, DMAE, and Phosphatidylserine

One popular nootropic is L-theanine, an amino acid commonly found in green tea. It has been shown to promote relaxation without causing drowsiness, making it an excellent choice for reducing anxiety and improving focus. L-theanine works by increasing alpha brain waves, which are associated with a state of calm alertness.

Another nootropic worth considering is DMAE (dimethylaminoethanol). DMAE is believed to enhance mental stamina and reduce brain fog by increasing levels of acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter involved in learning and memory. By boosting acetylcholine production, DMAE may improve cognitive function and overall brain power.

Phosphatidylserine is another natural substance that plays a crucial role in maintaining optimal brain health. It supports cell membrane structure and function while promoting healthy communication between brain cells. Studies have shown that phosphatidylserine supplementation can improve memory, attention, and cognitive performance in individuals with age-related cognitive decline.

Supporting Brain Health and Cognitive Function

These natural substances offer several benefits when it comes to supporting brain health and cognitive function:

Improved Mental Energy: Nootropics like L-theanine can provide a boost of mental energy without the jitters or crashes associated with stimulants.

Enhanced Focus: DMAE helps sharpen focus by increasing acetylcholine levels in the brain.

Reduced Anxiety: L-theanine has a calming effect that can help alleviate anxiety and promote a sense of relaxation.

Memory Enhancement: Phosphatidylserine supplementation has been shown to enhance memory and cognitive performance, particularly in older adults.

Safe Alternatives to Adderall

While Adderall may be effective for treating certain conditions like ADHD, it also comes with potential side effects and risks. Natural substitutes like L-theanine, DMAE, and phosphatidylserine offer a safer alternative for individuals seeking improved mental clarity without the drawbacks of prescription medications.

Pros of natural substitutes:

Fewer side effects compared to Adderall

Non-addictive nature

Can be purchased over the counter without a prescription

Cons of natural substitutes:

Effects may vary from person to person

May take time to see noticeable results

It’s important to note that individual responses to these natural substances may vary, so it’s always best to consult with a healthcare professional before starting any new supplement regimen. They can provide personalized guidance based on your specific needs and health history.

Effective Drug Testing Practices for Employers

In order to maintain safety standards in the workplace, implementing a robust drug testing program is crucial. However, it’s important for employers to strike a balance between respecting employee privacy rights and ensuring a safe work environment. Here are some effective practices for workplace drug testing:

Implementing a Robust Workplace Drug Testing Program

A comprehensive workplace drug testing program should be established to deter drug abuse and create a healthy work environment. This program should include regular screenings for all employees as well as random drug testing. By implementing such measures, employers can identify individuals who may pose a risk to themselves or others due to substance abuse more information https://www.ndtv.com/.

Balancing Employee Privacy Rights

While it’s essential to prioritize safety, it’s equally important to respect employee privacy rights during the drug testing process. Employers must ensure that their drug testing policies comply with applicable laws and regulations. This may involve seeking legal counsel to establish protocols that strike the right balance between maintaining safety and respecting privacy.

Determining Appropriate Frequency and Randomization Strategies

Determining the frequency of screenings is crucial. The frequency will depend on various factors such as industry standards, job requirements, and the prevalence of substance abuse within the organization or industry. Randomization strategies should also be employed to ensure fairness and prevent employees from anticipating when they will be tested.

Educating Employees about Workplace Drug Testing

To foster transparency and understanding among employees, employers should provide education about the purpose and procedures involved in workplace drug testing. This includes explaining why drug testing is necessary for maintaining a safe work environment and outlining the consequences of positive test results. By educating employees about these processes, misconceptions can be dispelled, leading to greater acceptance of drug testing initiatives.

It’s important to note that no single method of drug testing can be considered “the most accurate.” Different tests have varying levels of accuracy depending on factors such as the type of drug being tested, the specimen used (urine, saliva, hair), and the detection window. Employers should consult with experts in the field to determine which testing methods are most appropriate for their specific needs.

Specifically, in addition to the exchange of students and faculty members and the implementation of joint research, the objectives are as follows:
(1) A “passport” system that allows classes at partner universities and is recognized as a graduation unit
(2) Joint development research of new industries and new products with joint use of strategic special zones
(3) Establishment of special visa zone for international students
(4) Other international collaborative research on eSports, super education, super sports, anime, otaku, etc.
(5) Entrepreneurship support and human resource development

This alliance with overseas universities is being promoted as part of the “World University Concept” advocated by iU. Through collaboration with each school, iU will be able to develop and hold international joint lectures, international joint experiments and implementation of various IT technologies, and international joint research through exchanges of students and teachers of each university. iU will work with universities and other well-known companies in Japan and overseas that support this activity.


In the 1999 film Bicentennial Man, Robin Williams plays a robot, Andrew, who is gifted with the capacity of emotion and creativity. Andrew eventually falls in love with a human lady and decides to marry her. When he petitions a regulatory body to recognise their matrimony, however, he is rejected as they were concerned that he could not age and this would spark an upheaval in society. Andrew then re-engineers his body so that it would deteriorate naturally with time, and then eventually die, thus making him fully human.

Bicentennial Man isn’t the first piece of art to explore the existential question of what it means to be human, and whether man-made machines can truly become sentient autonomous beings, and whether they will one day be placed on the same footing as us homo sapiens. Famous science fiction authors like Isaac Asimov have written hypothetical scenarios where humans are made to live side by side highly intelligent robots. Will there be chaos? Will they rule over us? How do we govern them?

These are but some of the many deep questions that our society needs to address as AI and robotics converge to produce artificial beings who are becoming more life-like. Robots have already bested our finest chess masters and have made thousands of administrative and clerical work redundant with their complex algorithms and lightning-speed processing power.

What Are Replica Designer Products?

Replica designer products, also known as knock-offs, are imitation items that closely resemble original designer products. These replicas are created with meticulous attention to detail, aiming to mimic the appearance, quality, and style of the authentic items. They provide an affordable alternative for fashion-conscious individuals who may not want to splurge on the real deal. Replica designer products cover a wide range of fashion items, from clothing and accessories to footwear and handbags.

The Craftsmanship Behind Replica Designer Products
Top-notch replica designer products owe their quality to skilled artisans who carefully replicate the design and materials of the original items. The craftsmen often use high-quality materials to ensure the replica closely resembles the authentic product. This attention to detail and craftsmanship sets apart premium replicas from cheaper, lower-quality imitations.

Identifying High-Quality Replicas
Distinguishing a high-quality replica from a subpar one is essential for making a smart purchase. Here are some tips to help you identify top-notch replica designer products:

Material Quality: Premium replicas use high-quality materials, such as genuine leather or top-grade fabrics.
Stitching and Details: Pay close attention to stitching; it should be neat and precise. Authentic-looking details, like logos and hardware, are indicative of a quality replica.
Packaging: High-quality replicas often come with packaging that closely resembles the original, including boxes, dust bags, and authenticity cards.
Seller Reputation: Research the seller’s reputation and read customer reviews before making a purchase.
Price: If a deal seems too good to be true, it probably is. High-quality replicas are priced significantly lower than authentic designer products but not unrealistically low.
Personal Experiences and Expert Insights
My personal experiences with replica designer products have shown me that, with careful consideration, you can enjoy the allure of designer fashion without breaking the bank. However, it’s essential to be well-informed and discerning to ensure a satisfying shopping experience.

As an expert in the field, I can attest to the increasing popularity of replica designer products. The market has grown, and the quality of replicas continues to improve, making them a viable option for many. This, coupled with the rise of online marketplaces, has made it easier than ever to find high-quality replicas. These insights come from firsthand experience and extensive research into this fascinating market.

How Do Replica Designer Products Compare to Authentic Designer Items?
Replica designer products closely mimic the appearance and quality of authentic designer items but come at a significantly lower price point. While they offer a more budget-friendly option, they may not possess the same brand cachet and resale value as authentic items.

Is It Legal to Buy and Sell Replica Designer Products?
The legality of buying and selling replica designer products varies by region and depends on the extent of trademark infringement. Some countries have more stringent laws, while others are more lenient. It’s essential to research your local laws and regulations to ensure you’re in compliance.

Are There Ethical Concerns Surrounding Replica Designer Products?
Ethical concerns can arise in the replica designer product market, particularly when it involves counterfeiting or infringing on intellectual property rights. It’s essential to be mindful of these issues and consider the ethical implications when making a purchase.

How Can I Find Reliable Sellers of Replica Designer Products?
Finding reliable sellers involves thorough research. Look for sellers with a positive reputation, read customer reviews, and explore online forums and communities dedicated to replica designer products for recommendations.

Brother HL-LDW: Best Monochrome Home Printer

Looking for a monochrome printer that delivers professional-looking black and white prints effortlessly? Look no further than the Brother HL-LDW. With its fast and high-quality monochrome printing capabilities, this printer is perfect for all your home printing needs.

Achieve Professional-Looking Black and White Prints Effortlessly

The Brother HL-LDW is designed to provide you with sharp, crisp, and professional-looking black and white prints. Whether you need to print documents for work or school, this printer will ensure that your prints come out looking their best. Say goodbye to blurry text and faded images – the Brother HL-LDW will give you the clarity and precision you need.

Experience Fast and High-Quality Monochrome Printing

Speed mattersEspecially if you have a lot of documents to print in a short amount of time. The Brother HL-LDW offers fast printing speeds, allowing you to quickly get your documents in hand. No more waiting around for ages for your prints to finish – this printer gets the job done efficiently.

Simplify Your Printing Needs at Home

Simplicity is key. The Brother HL-LDW makes it easy for you to print from various devices such as your computer, laptop, or even your smartphone. Its wireless connectivity options allow for convenient printing without the hassle of tangled cords or cables.

HP OfficeJet Pro E: Reliable All-in-One Printer

Looking to streamline your home office tasks? The HP OfficeJet Pro E is here to save the day! This reliable all-in-one printer offers a range of features that will make your life easier and more efficient.

With the HP OfficeJet Pro E, you can enjoy versatile functionality. Need to scan important documents? No problem. Want to make copies of important paperwork? Easy peasy. Need to send a fax? It’s got you covered. And of course, it excels at printing with excellent print quality.

One of the best things about the HP OfficeJet Pro E is its ability to maximize productivity at home. You don’t need multiple devices cluttering up your workspace when this all-in-one printer can handle it all. Plus, it’s designed with efficiency in mind, so you can get your work done quickly and move on to more important things (like binge-watching your favorite shows).

The HP OfficeJet Pro E offers options that suit your needs. With HP Instant Ink, you never have to worry about running out again. The inkjet model uses traditional ink cartridges or you can opt for the convenience of instant ink delivery straight to your door.

Real Simple Selects: Standout Features and Reviews

Real Simple has done the hard work for you by selecting the best wireless printers based on standout features and customer reviews. Let’s take a look at their top picks and find out why these printers have received rave reviews from Real Simple experts.

Explore Real Simple’s Top Picks

Real Simple has carefully reviewed and tested numerous wireless printers to compile a list of their recommended choices. These printers have been evaluated based on their feature sets, ease of setup, print quality, and overall performance.

Rave Reviews from Experts

The selected wireless printers have impressed the experts at Real Simple with their exceptional performance. They have been praised for their crisp text, sleek design, user-friendly touch screens, and smart app integration. These printers have undergone rigorous testing to ensure they deliver sharp documents, vibrant colors, and reliable printing capabilities.

Informed Decision Making

By considering Real Simple’s recommendations for wireless printers, you can make an informed decision that aligns with your needs and preferences. Whether you’re looking for a budget-friendly option or a high-end printer with advanced features, Real Simple has got you covered.

Customer Ratings and Reviews

Real Simple takes into account not only their own expert opinions but also customer ratings and reviews when selecting the best wireless printers. This ensures that the chosen printers not only meet professional standards but also satisfy real-world users.

With Real Simple’s curated list of top picks, you can confidently choose a wireless printer that meets your requirements without having to sift through countless options yourself.

So what if one day, they are able to replace our spouse as well? Are romantic love and sexual desire just human wants that require a reciprocal response from a willing party, no matter what form it takes — even if it isn’t human?

At WiT Singapore 2019, Professor Adrian David Cheok, Director, Imagineering Institute, Malaysia, sought to address this issue – specifically on the topic of whether humans should be allowed to marry robots.

“Robots are going to engage with relationships with humans. Humans will love robots and treat them as partners,” Cheok declared.

Robots have a lot of desirable qualities. For one, their image, personality and body can be easily moulded to fit your personal desires. Imagine a ‘love robot’ that looks, moves and talks exactly like your favourite celebrity, or creepier yet, your crush. It is not a far-fetched idea, there are already prototypes that exist.

They can also easily be programmed with other positive ‘emotional’ attributes such as patience, kindness, honesty, uncomplaining, the list goes on. In essence, they can become the perfect partner.

The question now comes down to whether we as a society should recognise human-robot marriages. Whether man and machine can become one in, umm, flesh and silicon-covered robot parts.

Professor Cheok, Imagineering Institute, said creating the perfect partner is totally possible with software.

Human-robot marriages shouldn’t be controversial

Cheok argued that such marriages should not be controversial. Up to the late 1960s, the US still banned interracial marriages, he said. And homosexual unions were only first recognised in Copenhagen in 1989.

Traditional religious, cultural, and ethical values dictate that marriage is only valid between a man and a woman; but this notion is fast becoming archaic in many societies. More people, especially the younger generation, are opening up to new concepts of love, marriage and sexual identity. Can a transgender female marry a transsexual male? It wasn’t too long ago when this would be openly-ridiculed in public. In today’s world, however, you wouldn’t have to dig hard to find a supportive community, on the internet at least.

But how would a union between a human and a robot affect the upbringing of their child? (Let’s just assume for simplicity’s sake that robots and human spouses will adopt, because the idea of robots conceiving a child would just blow my mind). Would the child grow normally in the absence of a traditional nuclear family unit?

There are now some statistics that demonstrate that the old school mom-and-dad social unit may not be as critical to the healthy development of a child as one may think. Cheok cited a 2006 Pediatrics journal, which claimed that there is “ample evidence to show that children raised by same-gender parents fare as well as those raised by heterosexual parents.”

If two loving men or women can raise a healthy kid in their home, why not a loving man/woman and a robot? “Good parenting can happen as long as both parents are conscientious and nurturing. There is no reason why a sophisticated robot in the next few decades cannot be a partner in the provision of good parenting”, said Cheok.

Can robots consent?

For any marriage to take place, however, both parties need to consent to it. Consenting does not necessarily mean both parties have to be well informed, argued Cheok. He said that robots are capable of instrumental reasoning and are thus capable of deciding whether they want to marry.

“If the robot appears, by its behaviour, both actions and words, to understand the meaning of marriage, then we should accept that the robot [actually] understands marriage,” said Cheok.

Still, there are a ton of questions that need to be addressed in the future. Can humans unilaterally terminate a marriage contract? Can robots actually feel an emotional heartbreak, or are they only programmed to do so based on their manufacturers?

Or perhaps robots, by acquiring and integrating humanity’s vast quantum of knowledge, are merely displaying their interpretation of human behaviour. Marriage is seen universally as one of the most joyous occasions that will happen in a person’s lifetime. Is the robot partner merely replicating that feeling of exuberance because its processor has aggregated an immense history of human behaviour stretching back through time and across innumerable cultural practices, to arrive at an approximation of the appropriate human response?

Can a robot truly feel, as we humans like to say, “butterflies in its stomach”?

These are hard questions to tackle and they will not be resolved anytime soon. But we as a society can strive to be less judgemental of unorthodox unions, as long as they are between two consenting adults — whether they be of different sexual orientations, or whether they are made of flesh and blood, or steel. As The Beatles famously proclaimed in a song: “All you need is love”.

Whatever the case, Cheok predicted at WiT that human-robot marriages will be made legal by 2050.

If you are looking for a straight razor to buy, but you don’t know which one is the best for your needs, you can find the one that you need at https://www.trimmeradviser.com/best-vacuum-beard-trimmer/

Professor Adrian David Cheok AM awarded Order of Australia

Adrian David Cheok is Director of the Imagineering Institute, Malaysia, Full Professor at i-University Tokyo, Visiting Professor at Raffles University, Malaysia, Visiting Professor at University of Novi Sad-Serbia, on Technical faculty “Mihailo Pupin”, Serbia, Faculty of Ducere Business School, and CEO of Nikola Tesla Technologies Corporation.

He is Founder and Director of the Mixed Reality Lab, Singapore. He was formerly Professor of Pervasive Computing, University of London, Full Professor at Keio University, Graduate School of Media Design and Associate Professor in the National University of Singapore. He has previously worked in real-time systems, soft computing, and embedded computing in Mitsubishi Electric Research Labs, Japan

Drug Test Kit: Ensuring Safety and Promoting Health

Drug abuse has become a prevalent issue in many societies, with detrimental effects on individuals’ health and well-being. In response to this growing concern, the use of drug test kits has gained momentum as a tool for detecting drug use efficiently and effectively. In this article, we delve into the world of drug test kits, exploring their importance, types, working mechanisms, benefits, and much more.

Importance of Drug Test Kits
Ensuring Safety
One of the primary reasons for the widespread adoption of drug test kits is their role in ensuring safety, particularly in environments where drug use can pose significant risks. Industries such as transportation, healthcare, and construction often implement drug testing to mitigate hazards and safeguard employees, customers, and the public at large.

Promoting a Drug-Free Environment
Drug test kits play a crucial role in promoting a drug-free environment, whether it be in workplaces, schools, or rehabilitation centers. By conducting regular drug tests, organizations can deter individuals from engaging in substance abuse, thereby fostering a healthier and more productive environment.

Types of Drug Test Kits
Drug test kits are available in various forms, each tailored to detect specific substances and suited for different testing scenarios.

Urine Drug Test Kits
Urine drug test kits are among the most commonly used types, offering a non-invasive and cost-effective method for detecting a wide range of drugs. These kits typically involve collecting a urine sample and analyzing it for the presence of drugs or their metabolites.

Saliva Drug Test Kits
Saliva drug test kits are gaining popularity due to their ease of use and ability to provide quick results. These kits are particularly useful in situations where immediate testing is required, such as roadside drug testing or on-the-spot screening in workplaces.

Hair Drug Test Kits
Hair drug test kits are designed to detect drug use over a more extended period, as traces of drugs can remain in hair follicles for several months. While requiring more time for sample collection and analysis, hair drug tests offer a comprehensive overview of an individual’s drug history.

How Drug Test Kits Work
Drug test kits employ various detection methods to identify the presence of drugs in biological samples such as urine, saliva, or hair.

Detection Methods
The most common detection methods include immunoassay tests, chromatography techniques, and mass spectrometry. These methods rely on specific interactions between drug molecules and detection reagents to produce measurable signals indicative of drug presence.

Testing Procedures
The testing procedures may vary depending on the type of drug test kit being used. However, the general process involves collecting a sample, preparing it for analysis, conducting the test according to the kit’s instructions, and interpreting the results based on predefined cutoff values.

Benefits of Using Drug Test Kits
Drug test kits offer high levels of accuracy when used correctly, allowing for reliable detection of drug use. Modern advancements in testing technologies have further improved accuracy rates, minimizing the likelihood of false-positive or false-negative results.

The convenience of drug test kits makes them a preferred choice for many individuals and organizations. With easy-to-use testing procedures and rapid result turnaround times, drug test kits offer hassle-free solutions for conducting drug screenings in various settings.

In comparison to laboratory-based drug testing methods, which can be costly and time-consuming, drug test kits provide a cost-effective alternative without compromising on accuracy or reliability. This affordability makes them accessible to a broader range of users, from small businesses to large corporations.

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